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Charles Habib Malik was a Lebanese philosopher and diplomat.

by WLCU Editor | Nov 13, 2015

The story of Charles Malik

Charles Habib Malik was a Lebanese philosopher and diplomat.

Born: 1906, Lebanon

Died: December 28, 1987, Beirut, Lebanon

Education: Harvard University

 

 

Birth and education

Born in Bterram , Lebanon, Malik was the son of

Dr. Habib Malik and Zarifa Karam.

Malik was the great-nephew of the renowned author Farah Anton. Malik was educated at the American Mission School for Boys, now Tripoli Evangelical School for Girls and Boys in Tripoli and the American University of Beirut, where he graduated with a degree in mathematics and physics.

He moved on to Cairo in 1929, where he developed an interest in philosophy, which he proceeded to study at Harvard (under Alfred North Whitehead) and in Freiburg, Germany under Martin Heidegger in 1932. His stay in Germany, however, was short-lived.

He found the policies of the Nazis unfavourable, and left soon after they came to power in 1933. In 1937, he received his Ph.D. in philosophy (based on metaphysics in the philosophies of Whitehead and Heidegger) from Harvard University.

He taught there as well as at other universities in the United States. After returning to Lebanon, Malik founded the Philosophy Department at the American University of Beirut, as well as a cultural studies program (the 'civilization sequence program', now 'Civilization Studies Program').

He remained in this capacity until 1945 when he was appointed to be the Lebanese ambassador to the United States and the United Nations.

                In the United Nations               

 

Malik represented Lebanon at the San Francisco conference at which the United Nations was founded.

He served as a rapporteur for the Commission on Human Rights in 1947 and 1948, when he became President of the Economic and Social Council.

The same year, he helped to draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights with Chair and President of the Human Rights Commission, U.S. Delegate to the U.N. General AssemblyEleanor Roosevelt.

He succeeded Mrs. Roosevelt as the Human Rights Commission's Chair. He remained as ambassador to the US and UN until 1955.

He was an outspoken participant in debates in the United Nations General Assembly and often criticized the Soviet Union.

After a three-year absence, he returned in 1958 to preside over the thirteenth session of the United Nations General Assembly.

 

Roles in Lebanon

Meanwhile, Malik had been appointed to the Lebanese Cabinet.

 He was Minister of National Education and Fine Arts in 1956 and 1957, and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1956 to 1958. While a Minister, he was elected to the National Assembly in 1957, and served there for three years.

Following the outbreak of the Lebanese Civil War, which raged from 1975 to 1990, Malik helped to found the Front for Freedom and Man in Lebanon  Malik was widely regarded as the brains of the Front.

Malik was also noted as a theologian who successfully reached across confessional lines, appealing to his fellow Eastern Orthodox Christians, Roman Catholics, and Evangelicals alike.

The author of numerous commentaries on the Bible and on the writings of the early Church Fathers, Malik was one of the few Orthodox theologians of his time to be widely known in Evangelical circles, and the evangelical leader Bill Bright spoke well of him and quoted him.

Partly owing to Malik's ecumenical appeal, as well as to his academic credentials, he served as President of the World Council on Christian Education from 1967 to 1971, and as Vice-President of the United Bible Societies from 1966 to 1972.

Malik also famously worked alongside fellow Lebanese diplomat & philosopher Karim Azkoul.

 

Academic & Political career

Malik returned to his academic career in 1960. He travelled extensively, lectured on human rights and other subjects, and held professorships at a number of American universities including Harvard, the American University in Washington, DC, Dartmouth College (New Hampshire), University of Notre Dame (Indiana).

 

In 1981, he was also a Pascal Lecturer at the University of Waterloo in Canada.

His last official post was with The Catholic University of America (Washington, DC), where he served as a Jacques Maritain Distinguished Professor of Moral and Political Philosophy from 1981 to 1983.

Meanwhile, he had also returned to his old chair in Philosophy at the American University of Beirut (1962 to 1976). Malik has been awarded a world record of honorary degrees 

Death

Malik died of complications due to kidney failure, secondary to atheroembolic disease sustained after a cardiac catheterization, performed at the Mayo Clinic two years earlier, in Beirut on 28 December 1987.

His son,  Habib Malik, is a prominent academic and human rights activist. He was also survived by his brother, the late Father Ramzi Habib Malik, a prominent Catholic priest who worked tirelessly for the cause of Christian reconciliation with the Jewish people as well as for the belief that the Jewish People are the elder brothers of the Christians.

Below is a Video Link for of Dr Charles Malik

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=57WB91pP8s8


 Charles Habib Malik was a Lebanese philosopher and diplomat.

 

This article was  prepared and compiled   by Dr Antoine M Elhage.
Vancouver BC Canada
Any comments should be forwarded to : Drelhage@drelhage.com


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